30-60-90 Triangles

30-60-90 triangles
Another type of special right triangles is the 30°- 60°- 90° triangle. This is right triangle whose angles are 30°, 60°and 90°. The lengths of the sides of a 30°- 60°- 90° triangle are in the ratio 1:√3:2

Side1: Side2 : Hypotenuse = a : a√3 : 2a


Some Solved Examples

Example 1 : Find the length of the hypotenuse, if the two sides are 5√3 and 5.

Solution :
As the two sides fit in the ratio a : a√3 : 2a
a = 5
Hypotenuse = 2a
Hypotenuse = 2 x 5 = 10
Example 2 : Find x and y

Solution :
As the given triangle is a special triangle of 30 - 60 -90.
The ratio for this triangle is Side1: Side2 : Hypotenuse = a : a√3 : 2a
Here hypotenuse = 2a = 16
So, a = 8
y = 8
x = 8√3

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2) In a right triangle, the longest side is 12cm. Find the long leg and short leg.
Solution :
Longest side= Hypotenuse (H)= 12 cm (side opposite to 90
0
Short leg is the side across 30
0
SL = ½ x H
SL = ½ x 12 = 6cm
Long leg is the side across 60
0
LL = SL x √3
LL = 6√3 cm
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3)In Δ ABC, AC= 14 cm; BC= 7 cm and AB= 7√3 cm. Find the measures of angles A, B and C.
Solution
AC = 14cm; BC = 7cm and AB =7√3cm
From the above information we can see that, AC = 2 x BC and it is longest side than the other two.
So, AC will be the hypotenuse.
The angle between AC is B
So,∠B = 90
0
BC = 7cm which is the one half of hypotenuse.
So, short leg = SL = 7cm
∴ ∠A = 30
0
AB= 7√3cm which is √3 times SL
∴ ∠C = 60
0

Special Right Triangles

Special Right Triangles
30-60-90 Triangles
Pythagorean Theorem
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