Hindi is the most widely spoken language in India. So Hindi numbers are important for Indian students. The use of language is not important but use of numbers are very important.
India is a country that gave various mathematical concepts to the world. Here, we are not focusing much on the concepts but on Hindi-numbers.
The concept of decimal was invented in India and spread to Europe via Middle East countries. However, it did not avoid the changes that it underwent during its journey. Apart from the decimal system, India also gave numerous mathematical concept to the world, like geometry, trigonometry, the concept of zero etc.
We all know that mathematics is used in almost every field, be it architecture, astronomy, engineering etc. The presence of mathematics can be traced to the ruins of the Harappan Civilization or Indus Valley civlization, which were the epitome of planned cities. The first astronomical work involved Sun, and was called ‘Surya Siddhanta’ was done in fifth century. Brahmagupta one of the oldest mathematicians of India lived and worked in the astronomical center of Ujjain located at the center of India. Other famous and prominent mathematicians hailing from India are – Aryabhatta, Mahavira and Bhaskara. Hindu mathematics gained attention after Aryabhatta. Soon, in 1907, Indian Mathematical Society was founded followed by the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society two years later in Chennai.
Hindi numbers are as follows :
Number
Reading
Hindi numerals
0
Shoonya
1
Ek
2
Do
3
Teen
4
Chaar
5
Paanch
6
Che
7
Saat
8
Aath
9
Nau
10
Dus
11
Gyarah
12
baarah
13
Terah
14
Chauduh
15
Pundraah
16
Solaah
17
Satraah
18
Atharaah
19
Unneess
20
Bees
100
Sau
1000
Hazaar
10000
Dus Hazaar
100000
Ek Lakh
From the above we can see that the numbers up to 20 are unique. In the remaining numbers each tenth number is different.The rest number is taken from the prefix of increased number with a base of preceding 10th number.
For example : 1) 31 ----> Ikattis Here the base number is 30 (tis)
2) 32 ---> Battis again the base number is 30 (tis)
3) 61 ---> Ikasath Base number is 60 (sath)
If you know the numbers up to 100 the rest of the three digit number can be write easily.
For example:
1) 512 = 500 + 12 panchso bara