# Criteria for Similarity of Triangles

There are 3 main criteria for similarity of triangles1) AAA or AA 2) SSS 3) SAS.

If in two triangles, (i)the corresponding angles are equal, then their corresponding sides are proportional (i.e. in the same ratio) and hence the triangles are similar.

In two triangles ABC and DEF are similar,if

(i) ∠A = ∠D, ∠B = ∠E, ∠C = ∠F and

(ii)

AB BC CA ---- = ------ = ------ DE EF FD |

In such a case, we write ΔABC ~ ΔDEF

**1) AAA similarity :**If two triangles are equiangular( all three angles are equal to each other), then they are similar.

**Example :**In ΔABC and ΔDEF, ∠A = ∠D, ∠B = ∠E and ∠C= ∠F then ΔABC ~ ΔDEF by AAA criteria.

**2) AA similarity :**If two angles of one triangle are respectively equal to tow angles of another triangle, then the two triangles are similar.

**Example :**In ΔPQR and ΔDEF, ∠P = ∠D, ∠R = ∠F then ΔPQR ~ ΔDEF by AA criteria.

**3) SSS similarity :**If the corresponding sides of two triangles are proportional, then the two triangles are similar.

**Example :**In ΔXYZ and ΔLMN, XY = LM, YZ = MN and XZ = LN then

ΔXYZ ~ ΔLMN by SSS criteria.

Two triangles XYZ and LMN such that

XY YZ XZ ---- = ------ = ------ LM MN LN |

**4) SAS similarity :**If in two triangles, one pair of corresponding sides are proportional and the included angles are equal then the two triangles are similar.

In triangle ABC and DEF,

∠A = ∠D and | AB BC CA ---- = ------ = ------ DE EF FD |

**Criteria for Similarity**

• AAA Similarity

• AA Similarity

• SSS Similarity

• SAS Similarity

• Practice on Similarity

• AAA Similarity

• AA Similarity

• SSS Similarity

• SAS Similarity

• Practice on Similarity

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