Capacity
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Capacity is generally used to measure the liquid things. Such as milk, petrol, diesel etc.
Milliliter is the smallest unit and kiloliter is the biggest unit.
Unit |
Value |
1 Milliliter |
1/ 1000 liter |
1 Centiliter |
1/100 liter |
1 Deciliter |
1/10 liter |
1 Liter |
Basic Unit |
1 decaliter |
10 liter |
1 Hectoliter |
100 liter |
1 Kiloliter |
1000 liter |
S B D
Small → Big → ÷
OR
B S M
Big → Small → X
Examples :
1) A family used 63.5 l of water for bathing one day. How much is that in ml?
Solution : liter is the bigger unit as compare to ml.
So,B(Big) → S(Small) → X ( multiplication)
∴ 63.5 x 1000 = 63,500 ml
They used 63,500 ml of water for bathing.
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2) A bottle of juice holds 750 ml of juice. Can two such bottles be poured into a jar that holds 1.5 l?
Solution: jar holds = 1.5 l
One bottle hold 750 ml juice
∴ 2 bottles can hold = 2 x 750ml = 1500 ml
So,S(Small) → B(Big) → ÷
∴ 1500 ml = 1500 / 1000 = 1.5 l
As the two bottles and the jar holds same amount of juice, so two bottles can be poured into a jar.
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3) Convert 235 ml to deciliter .
Solution : ml is smaller unit than deciliter.
So, S(Small) → B(Big) → ÷
235 ml = 235 /100 = 2.35 dcl(deciliter>.
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4) Convert 5 hl( hectoliter) to centiliter.
Solution : Hectorliter(hl) is bigger unit as compare to centiliter.
So, B(Big) → S(Small) → X ( multiplication)
∴ 5 hl = 5 x 10,000 = 50,000 cl.
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5) Convert 9 decal( decaliter) to liter.
Solution : Liter is bigger unit as compare to decaliter.
So, S(Small) → B(Big) → ÷
∴ 9 decal = 9 ÷ 10 = 0.9 l.
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• Measurements
• Length
• Weight(mass)
• Capacity
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