Division of Literals
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In this section we will discuss about Division of Literals.
In arithmetic, we have studied that the division sign ‘÷’
read as ‘by’
between two numbers means that the number on the left of the division sign is to be divided by the number on the right. For example, 18 ÷ 3 means that the number 18 on the left of the division is to be divided by the number 3 on the right side of division sign. In the case Division of Literals also a ÷ b read as ‘a by b’ means that the literal a is to be divided by the literal b and is written as a/b.
Thus, 20 divided by x is written as 20/x and x is divided by 3 is written as x/3. It should be noted that 1/3 of x or x is divided by 3 is also written as x/3
1. Write each one of the following phrases by using numbers, literals and signs of basic operations:
(i) Quotient of x by 3 is multiplied by y
We have, quotient of x by 3 = (x/3).(y)
(ii) 3 times x added to 7 by y
We have, 3 times x = 3x, and 7 by y = 7/y.
∴ 3 times x added to 7 by (divided) y = 3x + 7/y.
(iii) Quotient of x by 4 is added to z
We have, Quotient of x by 4 = x/4 + z
Write each of the following phrases by using numbers, literals and signs of basic operations :
(i) Quotient of z by 6 is multiplied by y.
We have, Quotient of z by 6 = z/6
:. Quotient of z by 6 is multiplied by y means , z/6 x y = zy/6
(ii) Quotient of x by y added to the product of x and y
We have, Quotient of x by y = x/y, and product of x and y = xy
∴ Quotient of x by y added to the product of x and y = x/y + xy
(iii) 4 taken away from the quotient of x by 2y.
We have, Quotient of x by 2y = x/2y
∴ 4 taken away from the quotient of x by 2y = x/2y – 4
Introduction to Algebra
• Addition of Literals
• Subtraction of Literals
• Multiplication of Literals
• Division of Literals
• Constants and Variables
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