Mathematics is a progressive and a dynamic subject; it is constantly changing and moving forward. It challenges the human mind to use its unexplored areas of brain and requires thinking out of the box. To enjoy mathematics, one should be able to relate the subject to his/her day to day life. The subject focuses on thinking and reasoning skills and aims at building real – life skills in children and is beyond formulas, calculations and their techniques. Here, in 5th Grade mathematics we focus on challenging the fifth grader with problems according to his/her understanding and interests in mind. It begins with building of concepts thoroughly before proceeding to the essential clarifications and practice.

The following topics are based on the National Curriculum Framework (2005) and meets with the requirements and guidelines as suggested by the NCERT Syllabus for mathematics. It also considers the idea of creating a balance between theoretical and practical learning and strives to make learning interactive.

2. The Four Operations

3. Factors and Multiples

4. Fractions

5. Decimals

6. Geometry basics

7. Exploring shapes and patterns

8. Area and perimeter

9. Volume and nets

10. Time and temperature

11. Mapping skills

12. Handling data

According to US curriculum, 5th grade includes the mathematical operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication and division – and with these concepts we move forward to decimal, which is complemented by fractions. In mensuration, volume and unit conversation is included. It is the first grade where the student is introduced to the graph concepts and how to plot points on graph and coordinate plane and a new topic and its introduction of exponents and its concepts.

Following are the general overview of the topics taught in 5th grade math.

1. Arithmetic operations

2. Fractions

3. Place Value and Decimals

4. Measurement and Data

5. Geometry

6. Algebraic Thinking

UK, on the other hand has a vast syllabus compared to US 5th grade curriculum, and the UK curriculum has topics like consumer mathematics which includes profit and loss, price lists and unit lists, Time - Convert time units, add and subtract mixed time units, Elapsed time, schedules – 24-hour time, and time patterns etc. and Probability – calculating probability, making predictions and combinations.

1. Place values and number sense

2. Geometry

3. Decimals

4. Addition and subtraction

5. Multiplication

6. Division

7. Problem solving

8. Fractions

9. Mixed operations

10. Data and graphs

11. Patterns and sequences

12. Consumer mathematics

13. Measurement

14. Time

15. Probability

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