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Lines and AnglesCovid19 has led the world to go through a phenomenal transition . Elearning is the future today. Stay Home , Stay Safe and keep learning!!! In this chapter of lines and angles, we will learn about pairs of angles which have been given specific names.Lines and Angles 1) Adjacent Angles : Two angles in a plane are adjacent angles, if i) They have a common vertex ii) They have a common arm, and iii) Their other arms lie on the opposite sides of the common arm. Here, ∠ AOC and ∠BOC have the common vertex O. Also, they have a common arm OC and other arms OB and OA. So, ∠AOC and ∠BOC are adjacent angles. 2) Linear Pair Angles : Two adjacent angles are said to form a linear pair of angles, if their noncommon arms are two opposite rays. Here, OA and OB are two opposite rays and ∠AOC and ∠BOC are the adjacent angles. Therefore, ∠AOC and ∠BOC form a linear pair. The sum of the angles in a linear pair is 180^{0}. ∠AOC + ∠BOC = 180^{0}. 3) Vertically Opposite Angles : Two angles formed by two intersecting lines having no common arm are called vertically opposite angles. Vertically opposite angles have the same measure. They are equal. Here, AB and CD are intersecting lines and intersection point is O. So 4 angles are formed. Angles ∠1 and ∠3 form a pair of vertically opposite angles; while ∠2 and ∠4 form another pair of vertically opposite angles. Proof of vertically opposite angles are equal. ∠1 and ∠2 form a linear pair. ∠1 + ∠2 = 180 ^{0} ⇒ ∠1 = 180  ∠2 Also ∠2 and ∠4 form a linear pair. ∠2 + ∠4 = 180 ^{0} ⇒ ∠3 = 180  ∠2 So from the above, its clear that ∠1 = ∠3 Similarly, ∠2 = ∠4 Angle at a point : Angles formed by a number of rays having a common initial point are called angles at a point. In the given figure, O is the common point. If you find the measures of these angles 1,2,3 and 4 then it will be ∠1 + ∠2 + ∠3 + ∠4 = 360 ^{0} . Basic Geometry • Point • Lines • Angles • Lines and Angles • Complementary angles • Supplementary angles • Vertically Opposite Angles • Linear Pair Angles • Adjacent Angles • Parallel Lines • Solved Problems on Intersecting Lines • Solved Problems on Parallel Lines 7th grade math Home Page Covid19 has affected physical interactions between people. Don't let it affect your learning.
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