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Percentage comes from the Latin word "per cent" which means "per hundred".

The symbol used to represent percent is %.

When we say that man gives 30 per cent of his income as income tax, this means that he gives $30 out of every hundred dollar of his income.

If a student scores 75 marks out of a maximum of 100 in an examination

we say that she has scored 75% marks.

Conversely, if student scored 75% that means he/she got 75 marks out of 100.

Percent can be expressed as fraction and decimal also.

If the student scored 90% is equivalent to `90/100`.

Hence, 90% = `90/100`

Conversely 90/100 means 90%

Examples on percentage

Example :

1) 40 /100 = 40%

[ It is read as 40 percent]

2) 45/100 = 45%

[ It is read as 45%]

3) 85/100 = 85/100

[It is read as 85 percent]

4) 94/100 = 94%

[ It is read as 94 percent]

5) 99/100 = 99%

[ It is read as 99%]

6) 72/100 = 72%

[It is read as 72 percent]

7) 49 /100 = 49%

[It is read as 49 percent]

8) 88/100 = 88%

[It is read as 88 percent]

9) 96/100 = 96%

[It is read as 96 percent]

10) 36/100 = 36%

[It is read as 36 percent]
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Practice questions on percentage

Practice

Q.1 Express the following per-cent as a fraction.
1) 32%
2) 12.5%
3) 91%
4) 17%
5) 61%

Q.2 Express the following per-cent as a decimal.
1) 12%
2) 21 %
3) 16.5%
4) 22.8%
5) 83 %

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