Introduction to Profit and Loss
Profit and Loss : In our daily life, we buy goods from the shopkeepers in the market which they buy either directly from the manufacturers or through the wholesalers. In order to earn money the shopkeeper sell goods at higher price than which they bought.
Cost price : The money paid by the shopkeeper to buy the goods from wholesaler is called Cost Price ( C.P)
Selling Price : The price at which the shopkeeper sells the goods is called Selling Price (S.P) or in short the money paid by us to shopkeeper is called Selling Price(S.P)
When Selling Price of an article is greater than Cost Price then there is Profit.
S.P > C.P > Profit

Profit = P = S.P  C.P

Example :
Jackson purchased a toy car at $125 and sold it at $138. State whether there is profit or loss and how much?
Solution:
Cost Price = C. P = $125
Selling Price = S.P = $138
As S.P >C.P, there is a profit.
P = S.P – C. P
P = 138 – 125
P = $ 13
When Selling Price of an article is less than Cost Price then there is Loss.
S.P < C.P > Loss

Loss = L = C.P  S.P

Example :
Ally purchased a bag for $230 and sold it at $175. State whether there is profit or loss and how much?
Solution:
Cost Price = C. P = $230
Selling Price = S.P = $175
As S.P < C.P, there is a loss.
L = C.P – S. P
L = 230 – 175
L = $ 55
Profit and Loss
• Finding profit or loss percent
• Finding cp when sp and Profit or Loss percent are given
• Finding sp when cp and Profit or Loss percent are given
• Solved examples on Profit  Loss
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