Subtraction of like fractions 12 8 ----- - ---- 5 5 12 - 8 4 ---------- = ---- 5 5 |

In subtracting unlike fractions use the following steps.

1) Find the LCM (LCD) of the denominator.

2) Make the denominator same as that of LCM(LCD).

3) New fractions are like fractions.

4) Subtract the numerators keeping the common denominator.

For example :

Subtraction of unlike fractions12 5 ----- - ---- 5 6 LCM of 5 and 6 = 30 12 x 6 5 x 5 -------- - ------- 5 x 6 6 x 5 72 25 72 - 25 ----- - ---- = -------- 30 30 30 47 = ------ 30 |

1) convert them to Improper fractions

2) then subtract them (using subtract the Fractions)

3) then convert back to Mixed Fractions

1) The milkman had 2 2/3 liters of milk in the can. He sold 1 1/4 liter to a customer. How much milk is left in the can?

2 2/3 - 1 1/4

• Change to improper fractions ------> 8/3 – 5/4

• Using LCM make the denominators same ----> 32/12 – 15/12 = 17/12

• Change the answer to mixed fraction --------> 15/12 .

There is 1 5/12 liter milk left in the can.

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2) You get one-fifth of a bottle of juice and your sister gets one-third of a bottle of juice. Who gets more? How much more?

You get one-fifth of a bottle of juice = 1/5

your sister gets one-third of a bottle of juice = 1/3

1/5 and 1/3

(1 x3)< (1 x 5) [by cross multiplication] 3 < 5

∴ your sister gets more.

1/3 - 1/5

LCM of 3 and 5 is 15. So make the denominators same as that of LCM.

(1x5)/(3x5) - (1x3)/(5x3)

⇒ 5/15 - 3/15

⇒ (5-3)/15 = 2/15

So your sister will get 2/15 of a bottle juice more.

• Types of Fractions

• Conversion of improper to mixed fraction

• Equivalent Fractions

• Fractions in Simplest form

• Like and Unlike Fractions

• Add fractions

• Subtraction of fractions

• Multiplying Fractions

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